Farmweek 11 04 2019 E Edition Page 1

Periodicals: Time Valued David and Eric Diekhoff harvested their first hemp crop and seek a buyer for the drying buds. page 5 ISA Chairman Doug Schroeder recently completed soybean harvest with yields down 20% from 2018. page 3 While U.S. pork exports could set a record, wild market swings could reduce profitability. page 8 Monday, November 4, 2019 Two sections Volume 47, No. 44 Farmers adjust harvest plans around weather fronts Wheat planting winds down BY DANIEL GRANT FarmWeek Farmers focused on soybean harvest for at least three very good reasons again last week. Soybeans tended to dry down quicker than corn at many loca- tions this season, many wheat growers cut beans to plant wheat in a timely manner and many farmers wanted to get soy- beans out ahead of threatening weather. It is scary, Kyle Brase, a Madison County farmer, said last week as a weather front brought subfreezing tem- peratures and snowfall to some areas. A lot of farmers saw this coming, so theres been a lot of focus on soybeans. They dont handle (winterlike conditions) as well as corn. Farmers cut 69% of the soybean crop as of the first of last week, just 13 points behind average. And winter wheat planting actually moved ahead of the average pace, with 75% of the crop in the ground, compared to the average of 71%, as of Oct. 27. However, additional rounds of wet weather last week might cut the wheat planting season a little short, according to Brase. Most farmers got their wheat in in my immediate area, he said. But, now with the lat- est (precipitation), I think wheat planting is pretty much done in my area. Brase estimates harvest was near 80% complete for soybeans and 50% complete for corn in his area last week. Statewide, farmers harvested 54% of the corn crop as of the first of last week, 26 points behind the average pace. Corn has been carrying moisture, Brase said. Its slow- ing things down. Jack Schleich, a Fulton County farmer, reported yields in his area are down about 20 to 30 bushels per acre for corn and 10 bushels for soybeans com- pared to last year. Yields arent quite what wed like to see, but a little better than I thought theyd be, Schleich said during a recent harvest visit with Illinois Farm Bureau News and Communications staff. But youre still disappointed, as prices arent all that great. Schleich adjusts to tighter margins and lower yields by watching costs and limiting capi- tal purchases. You dont buy a lot when there's not a lot of profit. That's how we survive, he said. A lot of our (farm equipment) is pretty old. Our combine is prob- ably nine years old. We spend a lot of time going through it and doing a lot of maintenance. We dont have too much trouble with it. But, while harvest prog- ress picked up in much of the southern half of the state in recent weeks, corn harvest remained slow to the north, where moisture readings ranged anywhere from 16% to 25% and above prior to last weeks active weather pattern. Many producers finished their soybeans and are now starting their corn, Leroy Getz, FarmWeek CropWatcher from Carroll County reported. Corn chaff blows in the wind as Tim Gottschalk harvests corn near Armington. As of Oct. 27, 54% of Illinois corn was harvested compared to the five-year average of 80%, according to the National Agricultural Statistics Service. (Photo by Catrina Rawson) IFB members testify at EPA RFS hearing in Michigan BY ASHLEY RICE FarmWeek The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) held a public hearing Wednesday regarding the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) program. Specifically, the hearing was created to allow individuals to comment on the supplemental notice of proposed rulemaking for the RFS program. Five individuals representing Illinois Farm Bureau and one repre- senting Illinois Corn Growers Association testified at the hearing in Ypsilanti, Michigan. Throughout the nearly five-hour hearing, more than 70 individuals testified. Four of the IFB attendees testified about the impacts excessive small refinery exemptions (SRE) have had on their family farms and rural communities. We're living with the financial impact of this failed waiver policy every single day, stated Brian Duncan, IFB vice president. De- mand destruction has indeed occurred. EPA actions that curtail current and possible future ethanol production lower corn demand, lower corn prices and hurt the ag economy for all farmers, especially young producers just getting started, said Steve Turner, Cass County Farm Bureau member. Megan Dwyer, Illinois Corn Growers Association nutrient loss reduction manager, testified about the importance of ethanol to her as a mom and farmer. ... Ethanol is endorsed by the American Lung Association ... is not only better for the environment but for my checkbook. Gracelynn Dale, IFB State Young Leader Committee member from District 4, along with Dennis Green, IFB Board District 13 di- rector, Duncan, Turner and Dwyer testified on the negative impact excessive SREs have had on their local ethanol plants. See EPA RFS hearing , page 2

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